The second world war, the largest armed conflict in history, ended on September 2, 1945, with the capitulation of the Japanese Empire. In Europe, this war brought about fifty million victims, and left behind the oars from the Urals to the Atlantic Ocean. The inhabitants of the old continent awaited the era of peace, reconstruction and prosperity. However, the events that followed prompted this period to be far away. The new Europe entered the historical scene, burdened with a complex geopolitical situation and deeply divided between the two blocs, in the war allied, and in peace hostile. The Western bloc led by the United States and the East, led by the Soviet Union. With fewer and greater deviations in attitudes, occasional rapprochement and frequent power ratings, this rivalry exists even today.
HUMAN WAR AND NATO NATION
Nazi Germany is militarily defeated and occupied, and its territory is divided between the forces of the victors in four occupying zones, the Soviet one in the east and the US, Britain and France in the west. The city of Berlin is divided according to the same principle. The contradictions between the communist East and the Western democracies were insurmountable both in ideological and geopolitical terms, so that the world was at the edge of a new conflict. By overcoming the conventional methods of warfare, which implied direct military conflict, destruction and death, the opposed forces brought the world into a new era, the Cold War era, which would be marked by the extreme tension in international relations, mistrust and incidents. The beginning of the end of friendship between former allies was the Soviet blockade of Berlin during 1948 and 1949. In a series of documents, the countries of Western Europe merged in fear of the conflict with the Soviet Union, but collective security was necessary for the participation of the United States. Thus, on April 4, 1949, in Washington, twelve states signed the North Atlantic Treaty and created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or the NATO-North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This agreement obliged all its member states to consider an armed attack against some of the states of the alliance as an attack on all states.
NATO AND YUGOSLAVIA
The interdependence of the conflict was transferred to the Balkans, that is, to the Socialist Yugoslavia. The newly formed federation of the South-Slavic peoples under the five-armed and Marshal Josip Broz Tito was still recovering from the war consequences when the conflict with Informbiro created a new danger. Drawing from the control of the Soviet Union and creating its own path, Yugoslavia found itself on the target of Stalin, and thus the largest part of the communist world. Under threat of accumulated Soviet troops on Yugoslav borders, Tito turned west and thus received the necessary military, economic and political assistance. After Stalin's death in 1953, relations between the USSR and Yugoslavia improved and improved in the coming years, but the cooperation between Yugoslavia and NATO continued. The new era in the bloc's division of Europe brought about the formation of the Warsaw Pact on May 14, 1955 as the Communist pandemonium of the NATO Pact. These two political and military alliances will play their game of chess on the board of the world until the Warsaw Pact is dissolved in 1991.
RELATIONS WITH SERBIA AND NATO IN THE LAST DECADE OF THE TWENTY-CENTURY
The breakup of socialist Yugoslavia and the subsequent civil war have led to the engagement of the NATO pact in the Balkans. During the first two years of the war, the Alliance did not take more part in the conflict, trying to preserve the neutral status of the protector of civilians and enclaves. Specific engagement has taken place since 1994 when NATO aviation began using military force against the Serb side in the war. From then until the end of the war, the positions of the Republika Srpska Army were under the airstrikes of NATO air forces. This decision is justified by Serbian aggression as the main cause of war and the refusal to sign the peace agreement. Although in these attacks the Republika Srpska Army did not experience greater technical and human losses, they changed the course of the battle and accelerated the end of the war. The Serbian side lost control of the airspace and was forced to withdraw from the conquered territories, and this often led to a drop in morale among soldiers. The end of the war in Yugoslavia and the signing of the Dayton Accords did not mean the end of the Serb war with NATO. The conflict continued in the territory of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, where the units of the army and police led the war with the terrorist formation, the Liberation Army of Kosovo. Inter-ethnic conflicts between Serbs and Albanians have a long history, but the escalation of violence began in 1998, when the KLA organized an armed rebellion and put part of Kosovo-Metohija under its control. In a joint action by the police and the Yugoslav Army, terrorists were defeated by a large exodus of the Albanian population who fled the conflict. In this situation, the FR of Yugoslavia has faced the United Nations and Security Council condemnations, and is also blocked by NATO military action if the Serbian army and police do not withdraw from Kosovo , while allowing foreign observers to move unhindered. Despite the opposition of the United Nations Security Council as well as the split within the NATO pact, it started the scent of the campaign against Yugoslavia on March 24, 1999 known as the Allied Force. In addition to the air attacks, a ground aggression was carried out from the territory of the Republic of Albania. The war ended with the signing of the Kumanovo agreement on June 9, after which the Yugoslav Army left Kosovo and Metohija. Kosovo's 1999 political influence in Serbia affects public opinion in Serbia and 19 years after its end, and it is sure to affect it for a long time. The reason for this is the inter-party political struggles for voters in Serbia, but also the absence of a concrete and comprehensive review of the events preceding NATO intervention, its flow and poles. Among the citizens of Serbia prevails a very negative attitude towards NATO and the majority of the population is against joining that organization. This attitude is not only due to the fact that NATO was led by an uneven war, but also because of the loss of an important historical and geostrategic part of Serbia, but also because of the very negative media propaganda against Serbia in the countries of the NATO member states during the 1990s. Although many expert commissions gave their opinions, recorded numerous documentaries, series and television shows, 1999, it still carries a sort of aura of mysticism and unfinished stories. Most of the views on NATO and its role arise from such a situation. In the inner plan, the Serbs are most looser about two "NATO" themes, which are the consequences of the bombing of the use of depleted uranium ammunition and the effect of the Yugoslav Army in that war. On the foreign policy plan, NATO is seen as an American private army aimed at destroying Russia and securing American domination in the world. A vast URANIUM is a theme that was opened even during the bombing, but which has not yet received its epilogue. The best, this theme is a deeply rooted belief that depleted uranium is the main cause of a drastic increase in the number of cancer patients in Serbia. The general medical public, nuclear physicists and engineers of various profiles disagree on this issue, giving this topic constant news. According to the official NATO report, about 30 thousand depleted uranium missiles were extradited to FR Yugoslavia, mostly in the territory of Kosovo and Metohija, at 81 locations, at nine locations in southern Serbia and at one location in Montenegro. Grains with depleted uranium components were fired only from the GAU "avenger" guns, which were armed with A 10 aircraft, assault bombers of US aviation. These planes, recognizable by the specific sound produced by the GAU top, were active against the armored forces of the Yugoslav Army in Kosovo and southern Serbia until Vranje until they flew north. After the war, the Yugoslav Army cleared the locations that were known to have been contaminated with depleted uranium, but a space for speculation opened the theory of the so-called deadly dust and subsequent radiation. During the explosion and at high temperatures, depleted uranium burns to the nanoparticles and so low It is moving with air to spread contamination. In this mandate the Government of the Republic of Serbia has established a special commission that should examine in detail the consequences of the NATO bombing and give the final answer to this question.POBEDA ON NATO PAKTOM is one of the most widespread political mantras in the previous decade, and is present today. She began her evolutionary journey as a theory of Yugoslavia's military victory over NATO, while adapted today as a theory of a morally defeating the alliance. According to the available data, during the bombing of Yugoslavia, 250 soldiers, 22 policemen and about 2500 civilians were killed, while 6,000 civilians were wounded. A huge material damage is estimated at tens of billions of dollars. On the other hand, the NATO report included 2 killed soldiers, 4 wounded and 3 captured marines, who had the opportunity to see Belgrade's viewers in the news, and also the crash of two planes, one F16, whose remains can be seen at the Museum of Aircraft And one F117a whose wing and pilot equipment decorate the military museum showcases. More helicopters and unmanned aircraft were shot down. Behind the official reports to assume that there are also unofficial reports, especially about the number of fallen soldiers in the alliance, but these are things that are part of the sphere of mere speculation. Immediately after the war, the Yugoslavian media brought a story about a report by the Russian intelligence service for the lower house of the Russian parliament-Duma on overthrown NATO airplanes over Yugoslavia. This report talks about over a hundred landing planes, with detailed information about the day and time of the collapse, the types of aircraft and the number of victims. Since there was no physical evidence to confirm this information, this report was quickly forgotten. It is also a popular story about the attack of Yugoslav war aviation on the American carrier of the aircraft in the Adriatic Sea as I about successful attacks on the NATO bases in Albania and Tuzla that have inflicted great losses on the enemy and prevented the land offensive. Today, with great security, we can claim that the land invasion was not part of a major plan against FR Yugoslavia. Air strikes provided great support to the Liberation Army of Kosovo and the Albanian Army in the fighting with the Yugoslav Army, but this was not the only goal. Destruction of infrastructure and the fear of the great NATO offensive shook the entire state system and certainly accelerated the political fall of Slobodan Milosevic, which was the main goal of the NATO campaign. THE SCRIPTURE is the term used as the main argument about the alleged offensive character of NATO towards Russia and the individual Asian countries. Every inhabitant of Serbia heard about the rocket shield, and not even those who master knowledge of the number of rockets, their locations and the necessary time to reach the larger Russian cities are rare. When local political campaigns are excluded and the titles of media tabloids remain the fact that the existence of a missile shield in Europe is a source of frequent instability and earthquakes in the already bad relations between Russia and the West. Ballistic missile defense, or defense from Balinese missiles, is an armed system that consists of radars and rocket-propelled rockets - interceptors. The main reason for the creation of the missile shield is the development of balisic, long-range missiles in unstable Asian countries, and above all in Iran. A similar missile shield set up United States on its territory, in Alaska I in California, as a defense against an eventual missile attack from North Korea. The Iranian threat has been a challenge for years for the US administration, and so for NATO. Although Alliance experts predicted that if Iran developed top-class ballistic missiles by 2015, this did not happen. On the other hand, Russia has directed the development of its anti-aircraft defense to the creation of an operational system to disable the missile shield. During the first term of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, radar interceptors were installed in the city of Kaliningrad. Relations between Vladimir Putin and former US President Barack Obama did not lead to a reduction in tension, but the doctrine of the Russian army on the preemptive strike of its missiles on countries where shield missile systems were installed was also adopted. The danger that they could be found on the target of the Russian missiles is one of the main arguments of the anti-then option in Serbia and the maintenance of the status of a military neutral country. Most experts in this field believe that the attitude of NATO and Russia is conditioned by the relations between the US and Russia and that this will be the case in the future. While the US side claims that the missile shield is defensive, and that it can be beneficial to Russia. the Russian side with distrust is looking at rockets directed at its territory.SERBIA is surrounded by a NATO pact or countries that are members of the alliance. Hungary joined the pact in 1999, Romania and Bulgaria 2004, Croatia in 2009, and Montenegro last year. Montenegro's entry into NATO again raised the issue of Serbia's accession. All questions about the advantages and disadvantages of the membership have been reopened, such as additional costs for a bad Serbian budget, threatening traditionally good relations with Russia and terrorist threats. Above all these factors, the factor of emotional experience of the NATO Pact is dominant as an alliance of killers, destroyers and traditional enemies of Serbia. Depleted uranium, destroyed bridges, and lost lives are concrete arguments used in overcoming for and against, but in the background of these debates the greatest obstacle to the development of this cooperation lies in the fact that the conflicts with NATO have marked Serbia in the world public as the creator of the largest war crimes at the end of the twentieth century.