Serbia's State of Peoples announced a delicate political autumn by opening several issues and topics of major importance to the republic on the external and internal level. Two themes were immediately set apart, due to the reactions of the local and foreign public, casting citizens on two irrefutable groups, for I v. These are the question of a lasting solution to the status of Kosovo, based on the principle of a compromise of border change, and the reintroduction of a mandatory military deadline for all full-time citizens in Serbia. While so-called. The Kosovo Necessary Thesis in the Agendas and Programs of All Political Parties Over the past twelve years, the question of returning service to the army, has come as a shadow of the sky and has become an inevitable topic of public commentary and analysis. The media have expressly published the results of the polls that show that most of the citizens of Serbia, all age groups, return for a mandatory military deadline. The robustness of such surveys and the firmness of the positive attitude of the respondents will have their test on the time test, because even if this reform does not experience it before 2021, and how the respondents will then feel comfortable on this issue will depend on many factors. Nevertheless, one such important topic with a deep cultural, historical and social significance deserves a serious and rational approach and analysis from the cornerstones of military professionals and civilians from the perspective of future regimes and citizens who have extended their debt to the country, given the position of Serbia in the region And the world.
The most commonly asked question is whether Serbia needs to return to military service, and in response to this issue, it can also find answers to many other issues that hover over the political arena for a long time without concrete answers and solutions. The Armed Forces With Military Reform Goes to the Actual "Final Resolution" of Kosovo Status This link to the moment of opening two topics can not be overlooked or dismissed. Is the intimidation tactic of Albanians and the international community behind the intimidation of the mandate service behind the imposition of certain Serb demands in Kosovo or perhaps one of a number of themes for distracting citizens from some unpopular solutions and decisions seeking social consensus or Serbia really takes the risk of external factors, remains in the guise of all of us who are far from insight into the reports of security services that in recent years have given positive assessments of the overall security situation in the country. The debate on Serbia's position in relation to NATO, Russia, and China also reopened, and different responses came from these countries to be taken into account when making a final decision. The Republic of Serbia is firmly in the position of a military neutral state and this is really a reflection of the value system of most of our citizens. Poor experiences with NATO and Russia's distance further strengthen the foundations of this attitude, and it is not easy to dismiss the opinion of ordinary people who do not see the sense of sending our soldiers to distant parts of the world and waging war on the "other" interests. As a historian, I dare to argue that this attitude has its own historical roots and originators from the fact that Serbia has never aspired to membership in military and political alliances, but has always relied on its own army whose cult has been proud of it. Thanks to this, Serbia won its independence and entered the era of victory in the Balkan wars and the First World War. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia had its place in "Little Entente", but this fragile military alliance was nothing more than a debate club in which the Yugoslav monarchy decided to be neutral in the conflict between the Nazi and Czechoslovakians with whom it belonged. The continuation of the neutrality policy brought Yugoslavia under the auspices of the Third Pact, but under the terms of preserving territorial integrity and not participating in military operations with Hitler forces. Socialist Yugoslavia established an alliance of non-aligned states and thus liberated the Yugoslav national army of joining NATO and in addition to the long-lasting cooperation during the conflict between Tito I Stalin and the Cold War tugs. During the fall of Yugoslavia, the citizens of Serbia had the impression that the whole world was against them, and today such opinion is very widespread. Approximation to NATO through a Partnership for Peace and Public Debates about possible membership comes to mind when taking into account that the Allies are fighting in Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria and other countries thousands of miles from home. Political pragmatism, in this case, does not play an important role and it will take a long time for this ship to move from such a course. From all of this, the conclusion is drawn that Serbia will continue military neutral policy for a long time, but political and military analysts are not in agreement that this is entirely possible because of the NATO environment in which Serbia is also due to the numerous state of our wax poor equipment and lack of modern combat systems. It is also said that military neutrality must be recognized by other states and alliances. For years, the Serbian Army has participated in joint military exercises with the armies of Russia and Belarus as well as with NATO forces. the members of the 63rd paramilitary battalion of the special brigade of the Serbian Army regularly exchange experiences with their Russian counterparts, and in this country there is an additional education of a significant number of our officers.With the Hungarian state in recent years there has been evident political association and cooperation, so in July 2017 , the flotilla fleet of the two countries held a common military hood on the Danube at Čerević, and Hungarian ships spent a few days in the Novi Sad port. This flight of Hungarians hosted Serbian minolovals near Budimpešta on a new joint venture. In Bulgaria, for years, our opponents are practically trained on the Šabla pole, where they fired the balls of the missile system KUB, which with the NEVA system is the strongest arsenal of the 250th rocket brigade. National Guard Ohaja says good relations with the Serbian armed forces. There are also many joint exercises aimed at strengthening the fight against potential terrorism but also in response to elemental disasters and various accidents with the beavers of other countries in the region. Re-recruitment could also be a response to military danger. Potential focal points for the Balkan conflicts are countries that are not yet NATO members but are working on doing so by implementing an action plan for membership, namely Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia. This opinion is equally shared by Serbian analysts, but also by representatives of the international community and the presidents of some states. In Macedonia, a disagreement is an ethnic clash between Macedonians and Albanians trying to overcome political reforms and does not directly affect Serbia's territorial integrity while the complexity of relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina is controlled by conditionality in the European Union. Noteworthy is the presence of EUFOR, the joint forces of 18 European states with some six hundred soldiers. In spite of the words, a military conflict with Bosnia would move Serbia away from Euro-Atlantic integration but also lead to a direct conflict with other European countries. Kosovo continues to represent the security challenge number one for Serbia, and after announcing the possibility of border correction for the long-term, if not permanent, resolution of this situation, the atmosphere further faded throughout the region, which is still deeply divided. Nevertheless, the option of military intervention by Serbia is not taken seriously even in more circular circles, parties and movements, because such an action would lead to a direct conflict with the American Army built in Bondstil base and even with the whole NATO treaty, but would also endanger the great the number of Serbs living in Kosovo south of the river Ibar. All hope is now invested in diplomacy, cooperation with America, Russia and China, and improving Serbia's image in the world. Economic stability and economic growth are often the mantra of day-to-day political talks, so the possibility of military service is observed through the prism of the state budget. Economists agree that the professional army is much cheaper and that bringing, dressing, eating and training thousands of recruits, the state finances hardly endured. There is no need to be an expert to figure out how the army needs money, but it all depends on which perspective this question is being considered. If the priority of a state is its defense and the military, then it should not be saved to be better equipped. A common example, which is in favor of this view, is Greece. One of the first members of the European Union, also a member of the NATO Alliance, has been struggling with decades of enormous external debt, high unemployment and a drastic fall in the standard of living of its citizens, but it did not affect her army at any moment. Army service is compulsory for all men over the age of 19, and the Greek Army can boast of modern rocket systems, battleships and aviation. Membership in NATO is not taken in Greece as a security guarantor because this country sees the second NATO member Turkey as the greatest danger. Much of the cost of the military can be said by other states of Europe as well as by world powers, which are the greatest debtors of the world, but none of them are planning to reduce military resources. One of the arguments against serving the army, often exerted by former military ministers, in retirement, and the advisers, who have carried out the professionalization of the Serbian army, are trained by soldiers. A professional soldier is better trained, mentally prepared and motivated to perform all duties in war and peace. This is a very sliding field for making such estimates because the history of the conflict in the last twenty years has shown the opposite. Professional soldiers, officers and officers of the Yugoslav People's Army have shown themselves to be unworthy of opponents with more motivated, voluntary and paramilitary formations created on the ruins of Yugoslavia, while the greatest burden of defense of the state during the NATO campaign in 1999 on their backs raised the soldiers that the war broke during military service and reservists of some military formations while a large number of professional soldiers left the service. Guys and girls who responded to the recruitment and spent somebody they have done it from patriotism and adventure but their willingness and determination in a potential struggle can not be assumed solely on the basis of the choice of civil service for the life call. from the first person or from the experience of military service. One of the things that people who did not serve the army can not easily understand it is that the military needs a soldier. This, at first glance, banal, comes from the fact that the soldier is becoming less and the officer is becoming more and more subordinate. For Primera, in 2010, the martyna class gave 350 training troops to Jacob's third training center, among whom he was also a writer of these rows, deployed in three troops. If it is assumed that the other two centers have received the same amount of recruits, it may take an average of about a thousand regurgitation only in the martingale class. In 2017, the army used a total of five hundred soldiers. This drastic difference shows how few soldiers are operating a large number of subfactors and officers, and also denies all those surveys that show that most of the Serbs are returning to the army. Why do all the soldiers need soldiers? Due to the small response of the brigade regurgitation, they have been forced to impose on their professional soldiers, so-called contractors, various other obligations, such as grass mowing, cleaning of the circle, performing physical activities, guarding, fires. All these activities are included in the description of the military call but when you are faced with a shortage of human resources, these intermittent activities subvert the times that could be used for additional work on military technology or personal armaments. This is how a professional soldier draws his call to daily grass mowing or washing the vehicle in a park of technical means, and it is not the case that senior military rankings, such as Major and Lieutenant Colonies, have to set up fences and provide remote military facilities. The lack of army is also reflected in the training and experience of officers of all rankings due to the lack of practical work with recruits, getting acquainted with their psychophysical abilities and making a realistic assessment of the reserve composition. The army is also needed in floods, earthquakes, and other women's troubles, both in rescue and in remediation. So, there is an objective need to fill the military ranks. Is such an army a common matter for financial experts but must admit that the prosecuting life of soldiers on deployment is very modest. The full military uniform is carried in one of the same boots, as in the same uniform, and the cost of the maintenance is borne by the soldier. The food served and serving the soldiers is below the average. Meals are reduced to dry food such as parisers and canned vegetables with some parsnips for vikings and holidays. More than one soldier spends his money in the canteen at a monthly level rather than spending the state on his nutrition and basic hygienic needs. There are, of course, military memories which, despite everything, remain for the rest of their lives. Uniform, sense of belonging to an institution that enjoys great respect in the people, work on military technology, and a great experience that can be used in life, for work in the collective, for accepting challenges and solving problems. Reforms are really needed and many things change if you plans to restore service to the army. The soldier needs more time to go to training, to get familiar with basic weapons, throw the bomb, and fire the "missile" rocket. Tens of times I buried my school mines and excavated shelter. With a good activity plan and training centered on the most important thing, but to bring it to perfection, military time would make sense and it should not be longer than three months. So the recruits would not waste much time in the barracks and overcalls, they would have fulfilled the legal obligation that could give them the advantage of hiring, and they would have enough military skills for a good spare part.